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Poetry Handbook

Tail Rhyme
Also called caudate rhyme, a verse form in which rhyming lines, usually a couplet or triplet, are followed by a tail, a line of shorter length with a different rhyme; in a tail-rhyme stanza, the tails rhyme with each other.

Tanka is a classic form of Japanese poetry related to the haiku with five unrhymed lines of five, seven, five, seven, and seven syllables. (5, 7, 5, 7, 7). See example.

Tenson or Tenzon
A medieval competition in verse on the subject of love or gallantry before a tribunal between rival troubadours (12th & 13th-century lyric poets).

A group of three lines of verse, often rhyming together or with another triplet. (Also see triplet)

Terza Rima
A verse form Italian origin consisting of tercets of 10 or 11 syllables tercets, usually in iambic pentameter in English poetry, with a chain or interlocking rhyme scheme, as: aba, bcb, cdc, etc. The pattern concludes with a separate line added at the end of the poem (or each part) rhyming with the second line of the preceding tercet or with a rhyming couplet.

A line of verse consisting of four metrical feet.

The central idea, topic, or subject of artistic representation.

The unaccented or short part of a metrical foot, especially in accentual verse.

The poet's attitude or expression toward the subject. Tone can also refer to the overall mood of the poem itself, in the sense to influence the readers' emotional response.

A medieval narrative poem or tale typically describing the downfall of a great person; a drama most often written in verse and climaxing in death or disaster.

A metrical foot having three short or unstressed syllables.

A line of verse consisting of three metrical feet

A poem or stanza of eight lines with a rhyme scheme ABaAabAB, in which the fourth and seventh lines are the same as the first, and the eighth line is the same as the second.

Triple Rhyme
A rhyme involving three syllables in which the words have the same sound, as in sanity and vanity.

A group of three lines of verse.

A three-syllable word such as humanity or glorious.

Trochee, Trochaic
A metrical foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.

A figure of speech using words in nonliteral ways, such as a metaphor (irony).

One of a class of 12th-century and 13th-century lyric poets in Southern France, northern Italy, and northern Spain, often of knightly rank, who composed songs about courtly love.

One of a class of poet-musicians flourishing in northern France in the 12th and 13th centuries, who composed chiefly narrative works, such as the chansons de geste, in langue d'oïl.

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